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Rystad Energy comments on new OPEC+ deal

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Oilfield Technology,

Oil prices rose this morning as OPEC+ extended June’s deep cuts, tightening supply.

Rystad Energy’s Head of Oil Markets, Bjornar Tonhaugen, has commented on the price rises:

"Oil prices continued their steady ascent this morning, though adding value of only a couple of percentage points to Friday’s close values, as the decision by OPEC was largely priced in beforehand.

Stronger prices come naturally when supply gets tighter and the OPEC+ meeting over the weekend guaranteed exactly that. The deepest voluntary production cuts in history got extended to July, and supply deficits are almost certain, which will cause sticks to decrease.

The stocks relief will largely have an OPEC+ signature on it. This weekend’s deal was not only a breath for the market, but a whole new room full of oxygen.

Of course, as we have already stated, it is doubtful that sub-compliant members will manage to compensate for not meeting the cut levels so far and how effective a monitoring mechanism will be remains to be seen.

Countries such as Iraq and Nigeria will struggle to compensate fully, we believe, which will put strains on the coherence of the alliance during the second half of the year. But again, rather sub-compliant at 9.7 million bpd than sub-compliant at a lower level.

We have updated our supply forecasts where we lowered our OPEC+ oil supply estimates for July by 2.9 million bpd and another 1.5 million bpd for August.

These extra OPEC cuts increasingly tighten the crude and condensate balances. Stock draws of around 4 million bpd are now estimated for July and August.

Furthermore, we believe OPEC+ is attempting to create a mini-bull-cycle by quickly tightening the prompt market, spur large stock draws and flip the oil curve into backwardation to incentivise even further stock draws.

Saudi Aramco also utilised tighter market conditions by raising its monthly official selling prices (OSPs) for July by the largest amount ($5-7 to Asia) in at least 20 years yesterday. Overall, as long as the demand recovery in both products and crude remains intact, OPEC+ deeper cuts will ensure a solid foundation for oil prices into the summer months.

We see fundamental support for current Brent prices due to the expected draws in the market, but be aware that US supply can again surprise to the upside.

It’s still all about the demand recovery, and OPEC+ must be cautious not to become too greedy with respect to crude price increases and hurt refinery economics too quickly, since the recovery in products demand and prices at the end of the day will call the shots in this recovery.

Nevertheless, OPEC+ has taken a tighter grip on the near-term crude oil fundamentals with Saturday’s extension decision.

Something to keep your eyes open for: The OPEC+ communique made it clear that Saudi-Russian patience with sub-complying countries is running out and time will only tell how long Riyadh and Moscow are willing to continue shouldering their heavy burdens if other member countries fail to compensate."

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