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Researchers assess attitudes to North Sea energy future

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Oilfield Technology,

New research in Scotland has stressed the need for a clear government policy that positions Enhanced Oil Recovery (EOR) in the North Sea as part of a managed transition towards a low-carbon economy in the UK.

The findings from a research project between Robert Gordon University (RGU) in Aberdeen and Scottish Carbon Capture & Storage (SCCS) highlight differing attitudes when people consider how current government priorities on maximising oil recovery relate to climate change objectives.

Findings from the research, conducted by Dr Leslie Mabon from RGU’s School of Applied Social Studies, and Chris Littlecott from SCCS, have been published in the International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control. Their paper is entitled: “Stakeholder and public perceptions of carbon dioxide enhanced oil recovery (CO2-EOR) in the context of Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) – results from UK focus groups and implications for policy.”

It assesses the views of citizens and expert stakeholders regarding the government’s policy push to maximise oil recovery in the North Sea against the need to combat climate change and the UK’s transition towards a low-carbon economy. CO2-EOR is distinct from other forms of Enhanced Oil Recovery as it has the potential to be linked with CCS and could form part of a managed transition for the UK economy.

Based on focus group data from Aberdeen, Edinburgh and London, the research assessed how stakeholders and members of the public responded to four varying scenarios for CCS with CO2-EOR in the North Sea, and drew implications for deployment in other mature fossil fuel basins around the world.

Dr Mabon said: “Interest is growing in carbon dioxide enhanced oil recovery as an additional economic incentive for CO2 injection and the acceleration of CO2 storage as a means of addressing climate change. However, given increasing concerns and campaigns against the continued extraction of fossil fuels, it is possible that CO2-EOR may unintentionally hinder CCS by reducing support from neutral or cautiously supportive voices from Non-Governmental Organisations.”

Dr Mabon and Mr Littlecott found that scenarios which emphasised maximising oil recovery were met with scepticism or even opposition, and that there is an expectation for national governments to lead and ensure CO2-EOR and CCS are developed in the public interest.

Mr Littlecott added: “Through our research we found that all stakeholder groups wanted to look beyond scenarios that focus purely on maximising economic recovery of North Sea oil. Citizens and experts alike recognise that action must be taken to reduce CO2 emissions, and want to see coherence between these different government objectives.”

Development of conventional CCS has been slower than expected, with the UK government withdrawing support for its £1 billion Commercialisation Competition in autumn 2015.

Dr Mabon said: “There is an increasing awareness of the need to imagine a future for the North Sea that balances our oil and gas needs with our obligations to climate change mitigation and the need to develop a sustainable economic base for the north-east of Scotland. The idea of a 'managed transition' for the North Sea from existing oil and gas operations has started to appear a lot more widely in the political sphere, with the recent decline in oil prices bringing the future of the North Sea and the north-east of Scotland into even sharper focus. CO2-EOR might offer one way of enacting this, by capturing emissions from industrial sources on land and using this to extract remaining required oil in a more sensitive manner.”

“This could make a contribution towards mitigating the effects of climate change that also gives the North Sea, and the communities that depend on it for income and employment, a gentler transition away from oil and gas. But for this to happen, what came across loud and clear from our research was that there is an expectation that the government will lead on decarbonisation and create a joined-up, coherent policy that balances oil production with our climate change obligations,” concluded Dr Mabon.

The full research paper is available online.

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