In a bid use more energy-efficient, cost-effective, fuel, Indian Railways has begun plans to use liquefied natural gas (LNG) as fuel for its locomotives, which currently run on diesel. The construction of a locomotive prototype which will run on LNG will be overseen the Research Design & Standard organization (RDSO). After completing and testing the success of prototype, the company plans to build a further 20 LNG-based trains.
This will see Indian Railways reduce the current cost of running locomotives by 50%, despite the inflating price of LNG and a 100% switch to natural gas as fuel would total just 2.2% of India’s 81 million tpy, rendering the possibility of a transition to LNG a significant financial advantage. The move will also reduce both regulated and unregulated emissions, for example, NOx.
A source close Indian Railways said: “To make use of global reserves of natural gas, India is setting up infrastructure for import of LNG into the country. Even LNG terminals are in various stages of setting-up on the east and west coasts of India, all with railway connectivity.”
Currently, Indian Railways runs its trains on diesel and electricity, which, due to inflated crude oil prices, imported coal and depreciation of the Rupee, have become progressively more expensive.
Edited from various sources by Ted Monroe
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