- Germany has very little domestic oil and natural gas production and relies heavily on imports.
- There is no LNG infrastructure in the company but it has booked capacity in overseas LNG terminals.
- Oil represented approximately 33% of total primary energy supply in 2012.
- Natural gas demand has declined more than 11% since 2005.
- Natural gas represented approximately 22% of total primary energy supply in 2012.
- The German oil stockholding agency (EBV) is solely responsible for meeting the country’s 90 day stockholding obligation.
- There is no minimum stockholding obligation on industry.
- Industry held commercial stocks are held in addition to EBV stocks.
- There are no compulsory natural gas storage requirements in Germany and no state owned storage facilities.
- German crude oil production averaged 56 000 bpd in 2012.
- Oil demand was 2.4 million bpd in 2012.
- A 14% drop in oil consumption is predicted between 2010 and 2025.
- Total oil imports were 2.6 million bpd in 2012.
- Germany has a highly deregulated and competitive oil market.
- The German government does not have an ownership stake in any of the companies operating in the oil sector.
- Germany has one of the largest refining capacities in Europe and is among the largest oil refiners in the world.
- At the end of 2013, Germany had 13 refineries with a total crude oil atmospheric distillation capacity of 2.1 million bpd.
- There is an oil tank storage capacity of approximately 414 million bbls.
- The Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy has the lead responsibility within the federal government for contingency planning and emergency measures.
- The EBV holds the majority of Germany’s stocks.
- Germany has a convention of regionalisation in conjunction with the 90 day stockholding obligation.
- The operations of the EBV are fully funded by contributions from its members.
- There are both light and heavy handed demand restraint measures in place that can be deployed in an emergency.
- Fuel switching has limited application.
- In the coming years natural gas production is expected to decline by an average of 5%.
- Natural gas demand has declined by 11% since 2005.
- Approximately 86% of Germany’s natural gas demand is met through imports.
- Germany has 50 gas storage facilities with a total capacity of 22.7 billion m3.
- There are no compulsory natural gas storage requirements and no state owned storage facilities.
- All natural gas stocks are held by private companies for commercial reasons.
- In an emergency, the federal government has the responsibility for triggering Germany’s natural gas emergency response measures.
- Fuel switching capacities are not included in the German security of supply policy measures.
Adapted by Claira Lloyd
Read the article online at: https://www.oilfieldtechnology.com/drilling-and-production/16072014/energy_supply_security_germany/